Email spoofing is a very popular attack method. The sender modifies message headers in order that emails seem as sent from somebody else. Hackers use it, for example, to impersonate employees of a company to obtain login credentials, personal data, or other confidential information. Two most common ways to protect your organization from external spoofing attacks.
Ensuring email security might be one of the most important and most difficult tasks an administrator must face. Every day, servers process thousands of emails and controlling such a big mail flow is not easy. No wonder hackers focus on this channel when they plan attacks. They use various tricks to make users think that opening a suspicious attachment is a good idea.
Some of the earliest forms of cybercrime were email scams, which continue to this day. Here are five of the most common types:
- Foreign Lottery Scam
- Survey Scam
- PayPal or Online Credit Card/Banking Scam
- Mystery Shopper Scam
- Nigerian Check Scam
1.Foreign Lottery Scam
This type of scam is one altogether the most common types of email scams, during which you receive what appears like an official email from an overseas lottery corporation. the subject line offers a felicitous announcement, and may embody the supposed amount of money you’ve “won.”
Here are the sure signs your winnings are false:
- The Sender Is a Person. If he sender is a private – or is, at least, clearly not a political candidate lottery email– then you know you’ve got a scam on your hands. For example, abc@gmailcom certainly is not going to be the guy to tell you that you’ve won several million dollars.
- Your Name Is Not in the “To” Field. If your name isn't within the “To” section of the e-mail, then this phishing email has likely been sent to thousands of people, tired the hopes of snagging a few bites.
- The Lottery Doesn’t Exist. Do a simple Google search. Does the lottery even exist? You may find that not only is the lottery fake, but that it’s a well-documented scam.
- Request for Information. Scammer emails habitually request your full name, date of birth, street address, and signal. This is known as a phishing scam, which is designed to get you to reveal sensitive personal information. If you respond once with this information, you’ve been hooked, and may ultimately end up with a stolen identity or, even worse, a drained bank account.
The best way to avoid the common email scam is to realize this one simple rule: If you did not enter the lottery, you will not win the lottery. And even if you do enter the lottery, you probably will not win.
This common email scam looks innocent enough. You’ve expressed interest in social issues, such as global warming or the war in the Middle East, and you’ve been sent a survey that requests your input. Why not participate? Unless you will specifically requested to be on a survey mailing list, what you’re obtaining is nothing however spam.
When you click on the link to take the survey, malicious spyware or malware is installed on your computer. Once this happened, cyber criminals can spy on every move you make on your computer, collecting passwords, bank account information, and more.
Suddenly, you will see thousands of dollars worth of charges on your mastercard bill for purchases you never created. this can be results of fraud, and it will ruin your life.
3.PayPal or Online Credit Card/Banking Scam
This one got me several years ago, and it was incredibly irritating. At first, you may really believe there’s something wrong with your PayPal account, as you will receive an email that appears to be from PayPal with a warning message such as, “Act now, or your account will be deactivated,” or “Security breach on your account.” This can cause you to panic, open the email, click the link, and log in to your account.
The problem is that you’re not really on PayPal’s website, but rather a false website designed to look identical to PayPal. You’ve simply given your email address and password to your actual PayPal account to a cybercriminal, who can now use that info to change your password and clean you out. They may even use this information to scam your friends and business associates.
Here are some surefire ways in which to inform if an email supposedly from PayPal is nothing however a scam:
- The Sender’s Email Address Is Suspicious. Just because the sender’s name is “PayPal Security Center” does not make it legitimate. An address such as “email@example.com” is a dead giveaway that you’re being taken for a ride. PayPal only sends emails from addresses that end in “@paypal.com.”
- They Don’t Know Who You Are. Whether it’s PayPal or your credit card company, if you do business with them, they know your name and will use every opportunity to use it.
- The Linked URL Is Not Legitimate. Hover your mouse over the “click here” or “take action now” link, and if you see a strange URL that does not take you to PayPal.com, don’t click.
- The Email Includes a Threat. This is how they got me. I was told that there was a security breach on my account, and if I didn’t take the actions recommended in the email, my account would be temporarily suspended. I clicked on the link and input my email address, password, and account information. Thankfully, shortly thereafter, I was tipped off and was able to call and cancel my account.
Remember, no legitimate company will ever threaten to close your account if you ignore an email.
4.Mystery Shopper Scam
Here are some surefire ways in which to inform if an email supposedly from PayPal is nothing however a scam. This common work-from-home scam attempts to suck you in with an email featuring a subject line promising you a large income, simply by working as a mystery shopper. You need no experience or education, and you can make up to $200 to $300 a day doing just what you love: shopping! Sounds too good to be true, right?
It is indeed. Instead of being paid to shop, here are the two ways in which you can be swindled:
You Have to Pay Upfront. The money looks good, however so as to get your “training materials,” you need to send the company money via PayPal or with a personal check. You send the money and wait for a package that ne'er arrives.
You Receive a Fraudulent Check. This one is even worse. You provide the false company your address, and are sent a fraudulent check in the mail as your 1st payment.However, you are requested to send some of the money back to cover your study materials. You cash the check, wire the requested amount of money, and then discover that the check you deposited has bounced. You’re responsible for $1,000 or more worth of fraudulent check charges, plus overdraft fees.
If you didn’t apply for a job, you won’t be offered a job. They don’t just fall out of the sky. Furthermore, if you’re ever asked to spend money upfront for materials, you are likely being scammed.
Read More: Defamation: What it is and How to Deal with It.
5. Nigerian Check Scam
Another one of the more common email scams is the Nigerian check scam. If you're subject to the current scam, you receive an email from an a royal-sounding person with the name of “Sir Arthur Von-Monsoon,” or “Barrister Frank N. Stein” with asking to assist recover large sums of money from an overseas bank. As a reward, you’ll receive a handsome cut of the cash. Nice, huh?
Unfortunately, there’s always a catch. It seems like a win-win situation, so you respond with your willingness to help. You are told the money will be transferred to your bank account; therefore, you must provide your bank account information. Also, there are transfer fees involved, and you have to pay those as well.
Once you pay a couple hundred dollars, waiting for your huge windfall, you receive another email stating there has been some type of holdup, and you must send a bit more cash.
This continues until you, the unsuspecting victim, realize that money is only going one way: out of your bank account.
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